War is Peace. Freedom is Slavery. Ignorance is Strength.
The party controls what people read, speak, say and do with the threat that if they disobey, they will be sent to the dreaded Room as a looming punishment. Orwell effectively explores the themes of mass media control, government surveillance, totalitarianism and how a dictator can manipulate and control history, thoughts, and lives in such a way that no one can escape it. The protagonist, Winston Smith, begins a subtle rebellion against the party by keeping a diary of his secret thoughts, which is a deadly thoughtcrime.
With his lover Julia, he begins a foreordained fight for freedom and justice, in a world where no one else appears to see, or dislike, the oppression the protagonist opposes. Perhaps the most powerful, effective and frightening notion of is that the complete control of an entire hpw under a totalitarian state is perfectly possible.
If the world fell under the control of one or even multiple dictators, the future could easily become a twisted, cruel world where every movement, word and breath is scrutinised by an omnipotent, omnipresent power that no one can stop, or even oppose without the fear of death. It highlights the importance of resisting mass control and oppression.
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