Words are powerful.
We know that young children acquire vocabulary indirectly, first by listening when others speak or read to them, and then by using words to talk to others. As children begin to read and write, they acquire more words through understanding what they are reading and then incorporate those words into their speaking and writing.
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Vocabulary knowledge varies greatly among learners. The word knowledge gap between groups of children begins before they enter school. Why do some students have a richer, fuller vocabulary than some of their classmates? Children who have been encouraged by their parents to ask questions and to learn about things and ideas come to school with oral vocabularies many times larger than children from disadvantaged homes.
The Importance of Vocabulary Development
Without intervention this gap grows ever larger as students proceed through school Hart and Risley, From the research, we know that vocabulary supports reading development and increases comprehension. Students with low benefiys scores tend to have low comprehension and students with satisfactory or high vocabulary scores tend to have satisfactory or high comprehension scores.
Declines in word recognition and word meaning continued, and by grade seven, word meaning scores had fallen to almost three years below grade level, and mean reading comprehension was almost a year below. How do we close the gap for students who have limited or inadequate vocabularies? The National Reading Panel concluded that there is no single research-based method for developing vocabulary and closing the gap.
Benefits of students using target vocabulary in essay writing its analysis, the panel recommended using a variety of indirect incidental and direct intentional methods of vocabulary instruction. Incidental Vocabulary Learning Most students acquire vocabulary incidentally through indirect exposure to words at home and at school—by listening and talking, by listening to books read aloud to them, and by targst widely on their own.
The amount of reading is important to long-term vocabulary development Cunningham and Stanovich, Extensive reading provides how-to essay topics writing a paper with repeated or multiple exposures to words and is also one of the means by which students see vocabulary in rich contexts Kamil and Vocabbulary, Intentional Vocabulary Learning Students need to be explicitly taught methods for intentional vocabulary learning.]