Instead, instructors should approach peer review as an opportunity to teach these skills and for students to practice them.
How Do Students Respond?
Many instructors who have incorporated peer review into their courses report less than satisfying results. A vaguely positive response allows them to avoid a socially uncomfortable situation and to create an environment of mutual support Nilson Undergraduate students often have an inadequate understanding of these criteria, and as a result, feview either ignore or inappropriately apply such criteria during peer-review sessions Nilson Many students do not perceive feedback from peers as relevant to the process of writing a essau for a course.
Even when they take seriously feedback provided by their peers, students often do not know how to incorporate that feedback when they revise their papers. Identify and how many students peer review their essay the skills required for peer review.
As you are stydents your course, make a list of the skills that students should be learning and putting into practice when participating in peer review.
Teach peer review as an essential part of the writing process. Emphasize to students that peer review is not just a course requirement: it is an essential part of the writing process that all successful writers engage in at some point. Your students may not realize the extent to which scholars and other professionals practice peer review as an integral part of producing effective writing in their fields.
Consider explaining why, as a scholar, you find peer review helpful-even when you do not agree with or appreciate every comment made by a peer- reviewer. Remind students that the process of producing academic and professional writing generally involves three steps: drafting, revising, and editing.
Peer review is often most helpful to student writers when it is utilized between the drafting and revision stages, or after each student has produced a complete draft, but while there is still time to make substantial changes.
The purpose of peer review as a prelude to how many students peer review their essay is to help the writer determine which parts of the paper are effective as is, and which are unclear, incomplete, or unconvincing. Describe peer review as an opportunity for students to learn how to write for an audience.
Undergraduate students often do not perceive how completing academic writing assignments will prepare them for work in the professional world.
One way to help them make this connection is to point out a fact that many instructors take for granted but that undergraduates need to be reminded of: no matter what university students end up doing after graduation, the quality of their ideas and their work will be how many students peer review their essay, in a large measure, by how well they can communicate in writing to diverse audiences.
Student guidelines for peer review
Participating in peer review can help them learn to shape their written language as a medium of communication with readers.
For example, seeking out peer feedback can common essay writing about my haunted hourse one student construct a convincing argument by anticipating and answering counter-arguments that his readers might pose, while peer review can help another student determine how to explain the how many students peer review their essay of her research to readers who are not experts in her field.
Define the role of the peer-reviewer as that of a reader, not an evaluator. Develop guidelines for peer-reviewers that ask them to complete specific tasks: examples include indicating stuxents strongest part of a paper; identifying or rephrasing the thesis; listing the major points of support or evidence; and indicating sentences or paragraphs that seem out of order, incompletely explained, or otherwise in need of revision.
Some of these thier are descriptive and others are evaluative. Defining the role of the peer-reviewer as a reader will also help you underscore the fact that it is up to the writer to decide whether and how to make changes to the paper through revision. Even though students as peer-reviewers should not be asked to use the same criteria how many students peer review their essay instructor uses when grading papers, by participating manyy peer review they should gain a better understanding of those criteria.
Before the Semester Starts
When students engage fully in the peer-review process, they should not only better comprehend the criteria used to determine whether a paper is well written. They should also start to see themselves as writers and readers who have a stake in learning to recognize and to produce effective writing—as academic peers who learn more when they learn to communicate more effectively with one another.
Bean, John C.]