Ap english language and composition essay writing guide

Advanced Placement AP. With the Argument essay literature review English Language and Composition exam happening on Tuesday, May 10, it's time to make sure that you're familiar with all aspects of the exam. In this article, I'll give a brief overview of the test, do a deeper dive on each of languaage sections, discuss how the exam is scored, offer some strategies for studying, and finally wrap up with some essential exam day tips.

ap english language and composition essay writing guide

The AP Language and Composition exam tests your rhetorical and composition essay. Essentially, how do authors construct effective arguments in their writing? What tools do they use?

How can ap english language and composition essay writing guide use those tools to craft effective writing yourself? That is the essence of rhetorical analysis. The exam has two parts: the first section is an hour-long, 45 question multiple-choice section. It includes compositiom sets of questions, each based on a passage or passages.

In this section, there will be rhetorical analysis questions which test your rhetorical skills. There will also be composition questions which require you to consider revisions to the texts you're shown. The second section is free response.

Choose Your Test

It starts with a minute reading period, and then you'll have minutes to write three analytical essays:. You will have about 40 minutes to write each essay, but no one will prompt you to move from essay to essay—you can structure the minutes as you wish.

ap english language and composition essay writing guide

In the next sections I'll go over each section of the exam more closely—first multiple choice, and then free response. The multiple-choice section tests you on two main areas. The first is how well you can read and understand nonfiction passages for their use of rhetorical devices and tools. The second is how well you can "think like a writer" languagd make revisions to texts in composition questions.

ap english language and composition essay writing guide

You will be presented with five passages, about which you will receive a small amount of orienting information, e. There are, in general, eight question types you can expect to encounter on the multiple-choice section of the exam.

ap english language and composition essay writing guide

I've taken my examples from the sample questions in the " Course and Exam Description. Magic eight-ball says there are eight types of multiple-choice questions! These questions are focused on verifying that you understood what a certain part of the passage was saying on a concrete, literal level. You can identify snd questions from phrases like "according to" "refers," etc. The best way to succeed on these questions is to go back and re-read the part of the passage referred to very carefully.

#1 Organizing your time

These questions take reading comprehension one step further—they are primarily focused on what the author is implying without directly coming out and saying it. These questions will have a correct answer, though, based on evidence from the passage. Which interpretation offered in the answers does sp passage most support?

Writing an essay about financial need questions ask about overall elements of the passage or the author, such as the author's attitude on the issue discussed, the purpose of the passage, the passage's overarching style, the audience for the passage, and so on.

You can guidd these questions because they won't refer back to a specific moment in the text. For ap english language and composition essay writing guide questions, you'll need to think of the passage from a "bird's-eye view" and consider what all of the small details together are combining to say. Some questions will ask you annd describe the relationship between two parts of the text, whether they are paragraphs or specific lines.

You can identify these because they will usually explicitly ask about the relationship between two identified ap english language and composition essay writing guide of the text, although sometimes they will instead ask about a relationship implicitly, by saying something like "compared to the rest of entlish passage.

These questions will ask you about the deeper meaning or implication of figurative language or imagery that is used in engljsh text. Essentially, why did the author choose to use this simile or this metaphor? You can generally identify questions like this because the question will specifically reference a moment of figurative language in the text.

Considering Different Essay Types

However, it might not be immediately apparent that the phrase being referenced is figurative, so you may need to go back and look at it in the passage to be sure of ap english language and composition essay writing guide kind of question you are facing.

Still other questions will ask you to identify what purpose a particular part of the text serves in the author's larger argument. What is the author trying to accomplish with the particular moment in the text identified in the question?]