Expository essays describe or explain something; they "expose" the subject of the essay. The expository essay takes the topic and describes it factually and objectively. It describes something as it is, or as it happened. For a young writing expository essay scaffold 4th grade practicing the exposition of a topic, this type of essay helps separate fact from opinion and trains the student to write with clarity and conciseness.
Although the expository essay can be written in a number of formats, the five-paragraph format is one frequently utilized for fourth-grade students.
This is an important first step in writing any essay, especially the expository type. Discussing the main idea and helping dssay children form a basic skeleton or frame of their essays through mind mapping or a web will help them organize them into paragraphs.
The Introductory Paragraph
The ideas collected in this manner should be divided into mental "paragraphs. Paragraph one is where the fourth-grader sets down his main topic sentence.
If the essay is about "The Importance of School Rules," then he will write down the geade idea of the essay: what school rules are and why schools have them. The opening sentence captures and contains the thrust of the entire first paragraph and summarizes the content of the following three paragraphs.
Brainstorming and Prewriting
This paragraph should be no more than five or six sentences long, and each sentence should link with the one after it. The next 4ty paragraphs should expose or explain in a step-by-step manner the thesis or main idea of the first paragraph.
For example, paragraph two could give the importance of uniform rules, paragraph three could explain classroom behavior and conduct rules and paragraph four could be about rules for studying and tests. Each paragraph should contain five or six sentences about the main topic and link thematically with the first paragraph.
It is important to teach the children to be clear and exact in their expression.]